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DNA barcode (mitochondrial COI) sequences are provided for species identification of aphids from the Korean Peninsula.Most (98%) of the 154 species had distinct COI sequences (average 0.05% intraspecific pairwise divergence) relative to the degree of sequence divergence among species (average value 5.84%). For species in common with other regions, barcodes for Korean samples fell near or within known levels of variation. Based on these results, we conclude that DNA barcodes can provide an effective tool for identifying aphid species in such applications as pestmanagement, monitoring and plant quarantine.
Keywords: Aphididae, COI, DNA barcode, Korea